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Bulgaria, park Strandja :: Welcome to the world of Strandja mountain Welcome to the world of Strandja mountain
Bulgaria, park Strandja :: Bulgaria - why and where? Bulgaria - why and where?
Bulgaria, park Strandja :: The Settlements in Strandja The Settlements in Strandja
Bulgaria, park Strandja :: Accommodation opportunities Accommodation opportunities
Bulgaria, park Strandja :: Touristic routes Touristic routes
Bulgaria, park Strandja :: Activities and Events Activities and Events
Bulgaria, park Strandja :: Geography and Climate Geography and Climate
Bulgaria, park Strandja :: Nature of Strandja Nature of Strandja
Bulgaria, park Strandja :: Protected Territories Protected Territories
Bulgaria, park Strandja :: Photogalleries Photogalleries
Bulgaria, park Strandja :: Contacts Contacts
 
 
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Nature of Strandja - Fauna Nature of Strandja - Fauna
 The Strandja region together with the coastal line is one of the richest in animal species in Bulgaria. The animal diversity and identity is very well preserved for the reason that for a number of decades the access to the mountain has been restricted in view of the proximity of the state border. The Strandja mountain abounds in birds. There are certain times of the year when the number of birds reaches 261, which represents 68% of all the birds found in Bulgaria. A considerable portion of this number are migrating birds for one of the major
European bird migration routes - VIA PONTICA (the Black Sea Route) passes over the Strandja mountain. 17 of the bird species are listed in the Red Book of Bulgaria and 1 is listed in the World Red Book There are 54 mammal species such as wolves (population 20-25), wild boars (460), deer (660), jackals (2000), wild cats, rabbits. The otter population in the river of Veleka is the best preserved in Europe. 6 species are listed in the Bulgaria Red Book and 1 (the monk-seal) in the World Red Book. The actual number of animal species is probably higher than 54, for the caves of the Strandja are only partially explored.

 It is also home to 261 bird species including Golden, Lesser-spotted and White-tailed Eagles, Black Storks, and Honey Buzzards.
Nature of Strandja - Fauna
Nature of Strandja - Flora Nature of Strandja - Flora
 The geographic and climatic specifics of the Strandja mountain has determined the special characteristics of the vegetation which is an intriguing conglomerate of European + Black Sea + Caucasian species, differing in origin, biological peculiarities and level of development. They are divided into four large groups of vegetation families: "Pre-coastal forests, marsh-lands and dunes East beech-tree and durmast formation with evergreen bushes " East beech-tree formations in the high mountain area (500 - 700m) and Xerothermic
beech-tree formations with or without remainders of Mediterranean vegetation The beech-tree is the dominating type of tree in the Strandja mountain. There are also oak-tree forests which take up about 7% of the total wooded area. The Strandja mountain holds oak and beech-tree formations with preserved original composition and diversity which are very rare in Europe. The coniferous trees which can be seen interspersed in the oak and beech forest or as separate formations (10% of the total forest area), have been introduced later and are man-made. The total number of higher plant species which are found in Strandja is about 1500 or 50% of the higher plants in Bulgaria. Three of them are Bulgarian endemites, seven - Balkan endemites, 32 are relict species, 56 are rare and 10 are endangered such as the Strandjanian blueberry, Istanbul chick-peas, Crimean tea, Strandjanian oak-tree. Over 70 species out of 700 included in the Red Book of Bulgaria are found only in Strandja and along the coast.

 The specific climate of the region has allowed vegetation closer to that of the Caucasus than of Europe to flourish, and 1300 - over 50 per cent - of Bulgaria's higher plant species can be found there.
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